Pahang is the third largest state in Malaysia, occupying the huge Pahagn River rver basin. It is bordered to the north by Kelantan, to the west by Perak, Selangor and Negri Sembilan, to the south by Johore and to the east by Terengganu and teh South China Sea. Its state capital is Kuantan, and the royal town is Pekan. Other important towns include Jerantut, Kuala Lipis, Temerloh and the hill resorts ofGenting Highlands, Cameron Highlands, Fraser's Hill and Bukit Tinggi. The Arabic honorific of Pahang is Darul Makmur ("Abode of Tranquility"). The ethnic composition is roughly 1,000,000Malay and Bumiputre, 233,000 Chinese, 68,500 Indians, 13,700 others, and 68,000 non-citizens.